Notes on the coral d234U(T) dataset

This data was compiled as part of an investigation of the history of seawater 234U which is summarized in Henderson, "Seawater (234U/238U) during the last 800 thousand years".

The dataset contains all (or at least most) of the published coral data analysed by mass spectrometry. Values are as quoted in the publication and have not been corrected for differences in half lives or interlaboratory bias.


References containing coral d234U(T) data

(see Dataset)

  • Banner J. L., Wasserburg G. J., Chen J. H., and Humphrey J. D. (1990) Carbonate deposition, diageneses and hydrology on Barbados, West Indies : Uranium-series evidence. Geol. Soc. Am. Abstacts and Programs 1990, A88.
  • Bard E., Fairbanks R. G., Hamelin B., Zindler A., and Huang C. T. (1991) Uranium-234 anomolies in corals older than 150,000 years. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 55, 2385-2390.
  • Bard E., Hamelin B., and Fairbanks R. G. (1990(a)) U/Th ages obtained by mass spectrometry in corals from Barbados : Sea level during the past 130,000 years. Nature 346, 456.
  • Bard E., Hamelin B., Fairbanks R. G., and Zindler A. (1990) Calibration of the 14C timescale over the past 30,000 years using mass spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals. Nature 345, 405-410.
  • Bard E., Jouannic C., Hamelin B., Pirazzoli P., Arnold M., Faure G., Sumosusastro P., and Syaefudin. (1996) Pleistocene sea levels and tectonic uplift based on dating corals from Sumba Island, Indonesia. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23(12), 1473-1476.
  • Blanchon P. and Eisenhauer A. (2001) Mulit-stage reef development on Barbados during the last interglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 1093-1112.
  • Chappell J., Omura A., Esat T., McCulloch M., Pandolfi J., Ota Y., and Pillans B. (1996) Reconciliation of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral terraces at Huon Peninsula with deep sea oxygen isotope records. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 141, 227-236.
  • Chen J. H., Curran H. A., White B., and Wasserburg G. J. (1991) Precise chronology of the last interglacial period : 234U-230Th data from fossil reefs in the Bahamas. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 103(1), 82-97.
  • Collins L. B., Zhu Z. R., Wyrwoll K.-H., Hatcher B. G., Playford P. E., Chen J. H., Eisenhauer A., and Wasserburg G. J. (1993) Late quaternary evolution of coral reefs on a cool-water carbonate margin: the Abrolhos carbonate platforms, southwest Australia. Marine Geology 110, 203-212.
  • Dia A. N., Cohen A. S., O'Nions R. K., and Jackson J. A. (1997) Rates of uplift investigated through 230Th dating in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece). Chem. Geol. 138, 171-184.
  • Dia A. N., Cohen A. S., O'nions R. K., and Shackleton N. J. (1992) Seawater Sr- isotope variations over the last 300ka and global climate change. Nature 356, 786-789.
  • Edwards R. L. (1988) High precision Thorium-230 ages of corals and the timing of sea level fluctuations in the late Quaternary. Ph.D., California Institute of Technology.
  • Edwards R. L., Beck J. W., Burr G. S., Donahue D. J., Chappell J. M. A., Bloom A. L., Druffel E. R. M., and Taylor F. W. (1993) A large drop in atmospheric 14C/12C and reduced melting in the Younger Dryas, documented with 230Th ages of corals. Science 260, 962-968.
  • Eisenhauer A., Wasserburg G. J., Chen J. H., Bonani G., Collins L. B., Zhu Z. R., and Wyrwoll K. H. (1993) Holocene sea-level determination relative to the Australian continent: U/Th (TIMS) and 14C (AMS) dating of coral cores from the Abrolhos Islands. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 114, 529-547.
  • Eisenhauer A., Zhu Z. R., Collins L. B., Wyroll K. H., and Eichstatter R. (1996) The last interglacial sea level change: New evidence from the Abrolhos Islands: West Australia. Geol. Rundsch. 85, 606-614.
  • Esat T. M., McCulloch M. T., Chappell J., Pillans B., and Omura A. (1999) Rapid fluctuations in sea level recorded at Huon Peninsula during the penultimate deglaciation. Science 283, 197-201.
  • Fruijtier C., Elliot T., and Schlager W. (2000) Mass-spectrometric 234U-230Th ages from the Key Largo Formation, Florida Keys, United States: Constraints on diagenetic age disturbance. GSA Bulletin 112(2), 267-277.
  • Gallup C. D., Edwards R. L., and Johnson R. G. (1994) The timing of high sea levels over the past 200,000 years. Science 263, 796-800.
  • Hamelin B., Bard E., Zindler A., and Fairbanks R. G. (1991) 234U/238U mass spectrometry of corals : How accurate is the U-Th age of the last interglacial period. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 106, 169-180.
  • Henderson G. M., Cohen A. S., and O'Nions R. K. (1993) 234U/238U ratios and 230Th ages for Hateruma Atoll corals: implications for coral diagenesis and seawater 234U/238U ratios. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 115, 65-73.
  • Ludwig K. R., Muhs D. R., Simmons K. R., Halley R. B., and Shinn E. A. (1996) Sea-level records at �80ka from tectonically stable platforms: Florida and Bermuda. Geology 24(3), 211-214.
  • Rubin K. H., Fletcher C. H., and Sherman C. (2000) Fossiliferous Lana'l deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature 408, 675-681.
  • Stein M., Wasserburg G. J., Aharon P., Chen J. H., Zhu Z. R., Bloom A., and Chappell J. (1993) TIMS U-series dating and stable isotopes of the last interglacial event in Papua New Guinea. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57, 2541-2554.
  • Stirling C. H., Esat T. M., Lambeck K., and McCulloch M. T. (1998) Timing and duration of the Last Interglacial: Evidence for a restricted interval of widespread coral reef growth. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 160, 745-762.
  • Stirling C. H., Esat T. M., Lambeck K., McCulloch M. T., Blake S. G., Lee D.-C., and Halliday A. N. (2001) Orbital forcing of the marine isotope stage 9 interglacial. Science 291, 290-293.
  • Stirling C. H., Esat T. M., McCulloch M. T., and Lambeck K. (1995) High-precision U-series dating of corals from Western Australia and implications for the timing and duration of the last Interglacial. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 135, 115-130.
  • Szabo B. J., Ludwig K. R., Muhs D. R., and Simmons K. R. (1994) Thorium-230 ages of corals and durationof the last interglacial sea-level high stand on Oahu, Hawaii. Science 266, 93-96.
  • Zhu Z. R., Wyrwoll K.-H., Collins L. B., Chen J. H., Wasserburg G. J., and Eisenhauer A. (1993) High-precision U-series dating of last interglacial events by mass spectrometry: Houtman Abrolhol Islands, western Australia. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 118, 281-293.